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Vegetable Garden Planning

Good vegetable garden planning can result in healthy plants and bumper crops. Follow these simple steps and you'll be harvesting your own fruits and vegetables.

You can easily get ready for by germinating from seeds. This can be done indoors, in a greenhouse, or in a cold frame. However, this page is about germinating your seeds directly into the ground. We know that the air temperature begins to warm up in the spring. What is important is the actual ground temperature.

You could simply go ahead and sow the seeds. Your chances of developing a good yield for the season will diminish due to planting too soon. It is important to know the proper times to plant in your area.

Vegetable garden planning becomes a success if you sow directly into the ground and have the right environment for each plant specimen to grow. For example, your ground is around 65°F and you can't wait to get the eggplant started. Well, you'd better wait. Ideally, eggplant will germinate best when the soil temperature is between 73° and 85°.

Tomato Broccoli Snap Beans Carrots

Below is some basic information for different vegetable and fruit crops. Read over the best temperatures for germinating each specie. The first five are some cooler weather vegetables. These plants will do well if the ground temperatures are between 65° and 75°. These temperatures can vary a few degrees and this is an average for most geographic locations.



Ground Temperatures Between 65° and 75°F

  • Broccoli - will germinate in five to ten days and will be ready to eat anywhere from 40 to 60 days. This will depend on the variety.

  • Cabbage - 67° to 75° - germinate in seven to ten days and the early hybrid is ready to devour in about 50 to 55 days. The other varieties are ready in 70 to 75 days.

  • Cauliflower - 60° to 75° - germinate in ten days and will be ready for eating around 65 to 70 days.

  • Lettuce - 65° to 75° - germinate in seven to ten days. Ready to pick anywhere from 50 to 70 days.

  • Radishes - germinate in five to seven days - ready for your table in about 60 days.

A little Tip From Herbee: "Crush up some fresh garlic and a little basil and stir well. Dip the fresh radish into the garlic and basil mixture, and of course, pop it into your mouth. Delicious!"


Ground Temperatures Between 70° and 75°F

  • Collard - germinates in five to ten days and ready to eat in 60 to 70 days. This is one of the favorite vegetables. In the southern United States, collards are a traditional vegetable on New Years day. Other greens such as Turnip and Mustard will also do well in this temperature range when planning your garden.

  • Carrot - germinates in ten to fifteen days and ready to eat in 60 to 70 days.

  • New Zealand Spinach - germinates in ten to fifteen days and ready to pick in 30 to 40 days. You can also pick the young leaves.

  • Pumpkin - germinates in seven to ten days and ready for harvesting in around 70 to 90 days. Pumpkins are slow growers.

Ground Temperatures Between 75° and 85°F

  • Melon - germinates in five to ten days and ready to cut this rich flavored fruit in 85 to 90 days.

  • Burpee.com - Earth Day HP Image
  • Okra - germinates in seven to fourteen days and ready to pick in 45 to 55 days. Great vegetable for pickling.

  • Summer and Winter Squash - germinates in seven to fourteen days and ready for culinary use in 40 to 60 days.

  • Tomato - germinates anywhere from seven to fourteen days. The harvesting time will vary due to so many different varieties available. Generally tomatoes will be ready for your table anywhere from 65 to 80 days. Planning and planting the right type of tomato will give your family fresh tomatoes the entire growing season.

  • Watermelon - germinates in seven to fourteen days and ready for that summer picnic in 100 days. Even though this fruit takes a long time to grow, it is worth the wait when you bite into that fresh, juicy piece.


The above are just a few main vegetables and fruits that need special ground temperatures for growing. Here are some additional plants for you, to help with your vegetable garden planning.

  • Peas - germinate at 65° to 70° in seven to fourteen days.

  • Pepper - germinates at 75° to 85° in ten to fourteen days.

  • Cucumber - 70° to 75° in seven to ten days.

  • Corn - 75° to 85° in seven to ten days.

  • Onion Bulbs - 70° to 75° in ten to fourteen days. The Onion bunch is alright in cooler temperatures and will do well in 60° to 70° and in ten to fourteen days.

In the vegetable seeds section of our Outside In Garden Store, you will find a wide selection of vegetable seeds to purchase. Start your vegetable garden planning and get your seeds started.

This is just a small list of vegetables and a few fruits that you can sow directly into the ground for your upcoming garden. Remember to take the time to know what requirements your fruits and vegetables need. Proper vegetable garden planning and preparing the soil, as well as knowing the ground temperatures for each plant specimen will ensure a great and prosperous harvest for you and your family.

Your outdoor space is an investment. Take the time to come up with the best information and solutions for your gardens and landscape.

Related articles Herbee thought you may enjoy.

Spices And Herbs --- Backyard Landscape Ideas

Other Landscape And Garden Projects --- A Very Tasty Rhubarb Site



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