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Plants Letter C

Plants letter C has a total of 28 different varieties, growing in all four corners of the globe. Sit back and grab your favorite drink as Herbee shares some insights on these trees and shrubs.


The Calceolaria - Pocketbook Flower family contains over 300 species. This family is native to North and South America, as well as Mexico and points further south. This specie will do well in zones eight through eleven in the United States. One of the most popular varieties of the Calceolaria family is the slipper flower. This is a great cut flower used by many florists today.

The specie loves a cool and shady environment, with well drained and moist soil. The shrub can be propagated from seeds or cuttings in the late spring or summertime. The flowers form in clusters of yellow, orange, and many have red or purple markings on a part each cluster.

A favorite variety that is native to Chile is Calceolaria integrifolia. This spreading bush can mature six feet tall, and produces vibrant yellow flowers from late spring into the fall season.


Red Powderpuff Plant

The Calliandra - Powderpuff has over 200 species native to North and South America. A few varieties are also native in India, Africa and Madagascar. The Powderpuff is a gorgeous hardy shrub that loves full sun and well drained soil. This family does well in zones nine through twelve.

The red flowers resemble that of Mimosa, but are soft in nature with their long and slender petals. The unique leaves create a tropical look in many style gardens. This shrub will do great in a unique part of your garden.


There are over 140 species of the Callicarpa - Beauty Berry family. It's native to east Asia and North America.

Beauty Berry does well in zones six through ten in the United States. Species can be either deciduous or evergreen shrubs, or even small trees.

One of the highlights of some varieties are the tiny cluster of pink or purple flowers that bloom in the summer.

The cooler temperatures in the fall allows these species to produce shiny red to purple colored berries.

The Beauty Berry loves full sun and many good nutrients in the soil. Propagation can be done from cutting a part of the tips.

Herbee's Hot Buzzing Plant


Even though there are only twenty five species of Callistemon - Bottlebrush, the Bottlebrush is truly a stunning looking shrub, native to Australia. The dominant color of the spike flowers are red.

Other varieties have flowers in pink and white. The standard zones in the United States are nine through twelve, but the Callistemon can also grow in part of zones seven and eight, and even some cooler climates.

The Bottlebrush can tolerate some frost conditions, and loves full sun. The Bottlebrush will also adapt to poor soil conditions. This is a great accent shrub, and you can propagate from seeds or tip cuttings.


The Callitris - Cypress Pine family is also native to Australia and a few in New Caledonia. The Cupressus or true Cypress is very similar and native in the northern hemisphere.

The Callitris is known for its dazzling look as lawn specimens, as well as hedges and even backdrops. The Cypress pine can take full sun and well drained light soil. You can keep this tree pruned. It can be propagated from seeds or cuttings.

The columellaris is one of the largest varieties and will mature up to 70 feet tall. The cones on the trees create a wonderful look along with other evergreen plant specimens.


Camellias are native to North America, Europe, China, Korea, and Japan. These warm weather specimens will do well in zones seven through ten in the United States.

It's one of the most popular fall and winter species with many different varieties. The beautiful array of colored flowers peak once the temperatures cool down in the autumn.

Camellia Purple Dawn


There are about 80 species of Caragana - Pea Shrub, native to parts of eastern Asia, Europe, and North America.

The pea shrub grows well in zones three through nine in the United States.

They are a unique looking shrub with tiny leaves and tiny yellow and orange tone flowers.

The Pea Shrub thrives in cold winters and hot and dry summers, but due to the nature of their root systems, this shrub will adapt to a variety of locations.

Their trunks are long and very narrow and make an interesting specimen or group of specimens in a natural setting.


There are twenty species of the Carya - Hickory family, native to Asia and North America. They are considered medium to large trees and are noted for their edible nuts, as well as the wood used for hard wood floors and furniture.

Male and female flowers appear on different parts of the trees, which blossom in late spring. The Hickory has large green leaves that arrive in the warming of spring. In the fall, the leaves transforms into magnificent colors of yellow, orange and a rich gold tone.

They love well drained and fertile soil, and can take cold winters.It's a beautiful specimen in a front or backyard.


The Castanea - Chinquapin Chestnut is mostly native to North America, and thrives in zones five through nine. It is considered a deciduous cool climate tree, and loves full sun and but can take partial shade.

Spring reveals the male flowers that dominate a good part of the tree. The female flowers are less noticeable, but the female flowers develop into nuts, which are edible.

These species can be propagated from seeds.

Another variety is the Castanea sativa - or Spanish Chestnut. They are native to the Mediterranean regions. The Castanospermum or Morton Bay Chestnut, is a variety that is native to Australia.


The Catalpa - Indian Bean genus has eleven species of deciduous trees that are native to East Asia and North America. They will grow well in zones four through ten in the United States.

The Indian Bean tree can be planted in a sunny location, but also needs some shelter from strong winds. This family will grow in well drained and moist soil.

The flowers are white and bell-shaped, and the fruit that appears on the tree has tiny seeds within. This is a great canopy tree.

The Southern Catalpa is popular from Florida west to the Mississippi River. The Northern Catalpa enriches the environments of the states of the central Mississippi area. The states of Arkansas and Indiana have many of the Northern Catalpa trees.


There are only four species of the Ceiba - Silk Cotton Tree genus, but each one has its unique characteristics. They are native to the tropics of Asia, the Americas, and Africa.

The most dominant of this plant specie is the Kapok. It is Africa's largest tree. It can mature over 200 feet tall. The branches grow horizontally from the trunk, resulting in a pyramid resemblance. Local people use this tree as a source of fiber, fuel, and timber. It grows also in zone twelve and in South America. These are fast growing specimens that thrive in tropical and wet climates.

The Ceiba needs moist and well drained soil, full sun and constant warm temperatures. The flowers are a vibrant white, yellow ,or light pink. Once the flowers are done blooming, fruit will appear.


The Ceratostigma - Chinese Plumbago is a beautiful perennial shrub. This particular Ceratostigma is native in the Himalayan and East Asia region. There is one specie that will grow in the Horn of Africa. The Chinese variety grows anywhere from two to four feet tall and the flowers are a lilac - blue color.

The Chinese Plumbago grows well in zones six through ten in the United States.

This specie can be propagated from seeds or by semi-ripe cuttings. In cooler climates, this colorful shrub is deciduous. This is a wonderful garden shrub and will accent other evergreen shrubs, especially if planted in a mass setting.

Small Plumbago Flowers


This small family of specimens, Cercis - Judas Redbud Tree, are deciduous trees and shrubs. They are native to North America and grow well in zones seven through nine. The Cercis is also native to Asia, and southern Europe.

They love full sun and tends to thrive in a hot and dry summer location.

This Redbud specimen will germinate from seeds, and is considered to be a slow grower. One of the highlights of these trees and shrubs is the clusters of rosy pink to a crimson flower that emerges in the spring.

A dynamic variety is the Judas Love tree. It is native to the Mediterranean and Black Sea coastlines. The beauty of the bluish tone leaves and the sparkling deeper pink flowers, make this specie a fantastic ornamental plant.


Chaenomeles - Flowering Quince is one of the most popular deciduous small trees or shrubs. It does well in zones four through nine. The Quince family is native to Japan, China, and Korea. It's is noted for its early springtime blossom of apricot, pink, white, and red flowers. The specie is cold hardy and blooms can even be seen in late winter. It will grow in a sunny location, and a well drained soil. Pruning can be done yearly to allow the specie to produce the following year. Round shaped fruit appears in the summer months, and some people enjoy making jelly from the fruit.

The Quince is a great accent plant for a garden, but I don't usually recommend it for mass planting. The Quince will compliment evergreens planted close by. The Japanese Quince is a smaller specie and only grows to around three feet in height. The flowers of the Japanese Quince are a orange-red color with a tint of crimson.


Chamelaucium - Geraldton Waxflower is a twenty member genus of the Myrtle family. It is an evergreen shrub with brilliant clusters of pink, white and purple tone flowers.

It is well known in its native Western Australia. This is also one of the most popular cut flowers in the region. The Chamelaucium family also will grow in other countries and will flourish in zones nine through eleven in the United States.

This specie loves full sun, a gravel base soil and good drainage. This shrub should be pruned well after flowering.

This can be a tricky shrub to grow if environmental conditions are not right, as it doesn't do well in high humidity or harsh winters. The Waxflower is also considered a short lived specie. It can be propagated in the summertime from cuttings. If grown properly, this is truly a delightful shrub in many style gardens.


The Chimonanthus - Wintersweet is a small family of six species. The Wintersweet is a deciduous shrub that is native to China.

Chimonanthus is related to the Magnolia group, but the Wintergreen's flowers are a lot smaller in size. Follow the link at the bottom of the page to read more below about the Magnolia.

This shrub will do well in zones six through ten in the United States. It is cold hardy and in colder climates the scented flowers make their appearance on bare branches.

In warmer climates, the last leaves intermingle with these pale yellow to white and light pink to red coating in each flower. This is a beautiful specie for a winter focal point, and in front of an evergreen backdrop.


There are actually only two species in the Chionanthus - Fringe family. One, the Chinese Fringe is native to China and Taiwan. The other is the American Fringe, which is native to North America.

The Chinese variety grows well in zones six through ten and the American specie grows well in zones five through nine. The Fringe belongs to the Olive group and considered deciduous. It should have a sunny location but with some shelter.

Considered a cool climate tree, the growth rate is slow and patience is a must for the development of flowers. It can take this tree seven to ten years for its first blooms to appear.

It can mature up to thirty feet, and in late spring, clusters of white flowers cover the entire tree. It's a great tree to highlight a specific garden or landscape area.

Above are 17 plants that begin with the letter C. Below is more detail on a few of these plants. You can also continue to read about other different C plants. Herbee hopes this page has given you a little education on some native plants around the world.

Other Articles You Might Be Interested In.

More Plants Letter C --- Powderpuff With Bougainvilleas And Ti Plants --- Camellia Japonica

Camellia Sasanqua --- Magnolia --- More List Of A-Z Plants

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