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Germinating Times, Lighting For Herbs

Germinating times, lighting for herbs is about using proper lighting to provide the right environment for your herbs to get started successfully. Herbee and I have been growing herbs for years in a greenhouse, inside my own home, and sowing directly into the ground. One of the keys is to understand the basic requirements for the environment.

Close Up Of Basil Leaf
Garlic Chive Flowers

Herbee Greenthumb Shares A Few Herbs With You

  • Basil - There are many different varieties available today. Basil is considered an annual, and seeds should be put in the dark to develop. The air temperature should be around 68° to 70°F (20° to 21°C). Plants will sprout up in around five to ten days.

  • Catnip - This is another herb that needs darkness to germinate. It is a perennial and grows well at 68° to 70°F. Seedlings will emerge in seven to ten days.

  • Chamomile - Requires light and can grow in temperatures ranging anywhere from mid 50's to around 70°F. It takes around ten or twelve days for the seedlings to appear. Chamomile is a perennial.

  • Chives - Chives will do best planted in darkness. The temperature should be around 68° to 70°F. The plants will emerge through the soil in ten to twelve days. Chives is a perennial.

  • Cilantro - Seeds will do well in a light or dark environment. The temperature should be between 66° to 79°F. It usually takes about seven to ten days for germination to take place. Cilantro (or Coriander) is an annual.

  • Dill - Dill will grow well in light, and temperatures around 65° to 72°F. It takes Dill about five to nine days to appear. Dill can be an annual or biannual.

  • Lavender - Will grow well in light, around 65° to 75°F. It takes all Lavender varieties around 14 to 21 days to emerge. Lavender is a perennial.
  • Lemon Balm - Lemon Balm will grow well in light or dark conditions. It does best around 68° to 70°F, and will appear in three to seven days. Lemon Balm is a perennial.

  • Oregano - Oregano and Marjoram are similar in nature. The only difference is Marjoram will do well if planted in a light environment, and Oregano does better in darkness. Both will do well around 68° to 70°F, and take about four to ten days for seedlings to emerge through the soil. Marjoram is an annual and Oregano is a perennial.

  • Parsley - Parsley does well if planted in the dark, around 68° to 70°F. It takes about ten to twelve days to appear through the soil. Parsley is considered an annual.

  • Peppermint - Loves to be grown in light, around 68° to 75°F. It takes about twelve to fifteen days to appear and is a perennial.

  • Sage - Sage does well if germinating in darkness. It will grow well in temperatures around 68° to 70°F. It takes anywhere from five to ten days to appear and is a perennial.

  • Spearmint - Spearmint will sprout up if planted in light, with temperatures at 68° to 75°F. It takes around ten days to fourteen days to emerge and is a perennial.

  • Thyme - All varieties of Thyme do well growing in darkness. Temperatures should be around 68° to 70°F. Thyme comes up fairly quickly, in around three to seven days. All varieties are perennial.

The suggestions above are a general rule of thumb. During the winter months we had heat in my greenhouse. The temperature was at 68 degrees and germination results were excellent.


Herbee Shares A Greenhouse Story

Herbee Greenthumb

Herbee here. Kimberly and I made a few blunders over the years we had the greenhouse. Hum, let's say our first experience with tomatoes wasn't the result we were looking for.

We had planted a total of 5,000 seedlings one year. We nurtured the seeds with TLC for months. We both became elated when we saw those seeds begin to grow. Plugs started emerging from trays all over the greenhouse. We had a couple of tables full of tomato plants growing healthy.

We watched and took care of them daily. One day I floated leisurely into our 20 x 30 greenhouse and low and be hold, the tomatoes began expanding upwards. Holy Moly I thought. I flew in and got Kimberly. We hit the panic button as those little plugs were becoming full size plants and getting way out of control.

We didn't want to prune them back, as we knew this would damage the growth pattern and health. We continued to monitor the tomatoes, and one day we both entered the greenhouse. The tomatoes were infested with mites and white flies. We used an organic insecticide to try and eliminate the bug problem. It took a few sprays, but eventually they begin to die out.

That was way more work then we anticipated, and a lesson about proper timing to plant tomatoes in the greenhouse. A tip for anyone with a greenhouse or germinating. Know your germination and growth patterns on all your seeds. We never made that mistake again. Whew!



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