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Botanical Names For Some Popular Herbs

Botanical names for herbs or any other plant specimens can be confusing. Some people look for the common names as they are the easiest to remember. Herbee and I wanted to share with you some names of the popular herbs used today for gardening, culinary, and containers. This can be a simple solution for you if you are researching or planting a specific herb or plant specimen. Below is a list of some popular herbs.

Picture Of Tarragon

  • Allium Schoenoprasum - Chives
  • Anethum Graveolens - Dill
  • Artemisia Dracunculus - Tarragon, French
  • Asperula Odorata - Sweet Woodruff
  • Calendula Officinalis - Marigolds
  • Crocus Sativus - Saffron
  • Foeniculum Vulgare - Wild Fennel
  • Foeiculum Vulgare, variety Dulce - Fennel, Sweet, or Florence
  • Hyssopus Officinalis - Hyssop
  • Hyssopus Officinalis Alba - White Hyssop
  • Hyssopus Officinalis Rubra - Pink Hyssop
  • Illicium Verum - Anise Seed, Badian, Chinese Star
  • Lavandula Spica - Spike Lavender

Lemon Balm

Close Up Lemon Balm
  • Lavandula Stoechas - French Lavender
  • Lavandula Vera - English or True Lavender
  • Lippia Citriodora - Lemon Verbena
  • Matricaria Chamomilla - German or Hungarian Chamomile
  • Melissa Officinalis - Lemon Balm
  • Mentha Piperita - Peppermint
  • Mentha Spicata - Spearmint
  • Monarda Citriodora - Lemon Bergamot
  • Monarda Fistulosa, Wild or regular Bergamot
  • Ocimum Basilicum - Sweet Basil
  • Ocimum Basilicum Sanctum - Holy Basil
  • Ocimum Citriodora - Lemon Basil
  • Ocimum Crispum - Italian or Curly Basil
  • Ocimum Minimum - Dwarf, green or purple Basil

These are some basic herbs used by chefs around the world as well as you and I. There are so many different ways to use herbs, not only cooking, but for pleasure. They can be dried, or used in flavored vinegars. Below is more information on herb vinegars and drying the herbs.

This resource can be a great learning experience for students as well as families. This is a great lesson plan on teaching the Botanical names of some basic herbs, as well as identifying them through their common name. Let's head back to more herb names.


  • Origanum Majorana L. - Sweet Marjoram
  • Origanum Vulgare - Wild Marjoram
  • Petroselinum Hortense - Parsley
  • Petroselinum Hortense, variety Crispum - Curly Leaf
  • Pimpinella Saxifraga L. - European Burnet
  • Rosmarinus Officinalis - Rosemary
  • Rumex Acetosa - Garden Sorrel
  • Rumex Scutatus - French Sorrel
  • Salvia Horminum - Garden Sage


  • Salvia Officinalis - Garden Sage
  • Saliva Pratensis - Meadow Sage
  • Saliva Splendens - Pineapple Sage
  • Satureja Hortensis - Summer Savory
  • Satureja Montana - Winter Savory
  • Tanacetum Vulgare - Common Tansy
  • Tanacetum Vulgare variety - Fernleaf Tansy
  • Thymus Serpyllum - Wild Thyme
  • Thymus Serpyllum Coccineus - Trailing Thyme
  • Thymus Serpyllum Vulgaris - English or Garden

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The list above is just some of the most popular herbs used today. Whether it is identifying a plant by its Botanical name or common name, learning more about herbs and other specimens will give all of us a better overall picture of the these wonderful plant specimens.

Other Articles You Might Be Interested In.

Herb Vinegars --- Drying Herbs

Tips For Herb Gardens --- Plan Your Herb Gardens Today

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